Lunarpedia:Outline draft

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Draft topic & Subtopic Lunarpedia OUTLINE

This outline will expand as new topic areas come to mind or are suggested by contributors.

We expect that we have left out or forget whole topic areas. To suggest additional topics and subtopics contact us.

Version 1.01 October 17, 2006



Analog Research Stations

Past, Present, Planned analog activities

  • Oregon Moonbase
  • Drumheller Badlands/Calgary Space Workers Habitat
  • Moon Society exercises at MDRS
  • MexLunaHab
  • NASA mockups
  • Seabed stations as an analog of isolation

Architecture Options

Biological support Options

Utility Options

Simulant Options

Research Priorities


Lunar Tourism

Tourism from orbit

  • Loop-the-Moon tours
  • Self-contained butterfly landers

Surface tourism

  • Early land facilities, excursion support
  • Early land excursions
  • Scenic access
  • Geological/scenic preserves & Lunar National Parks
  • Scenic cableways
  • Scenic roads
  • Scenic overlooks
  • Observation towers
  • Tourist concessions
  • Crew/passenger operable facilities
  • Historical site access
  • Settlement circuit
  • Development of diverse architectures
  • Development of diverse flora and fauna
  • Development of diverse cultures
  • Limb "peekaboo" locations
  • Farside heavens
  • The 7 wonders of the Moon
  • Suborbital tours for Lunans
  • other

Economic Geography: chemical, mineralogical, and topographic resources

Unfinished Robotic "Prospecting"

  • Elements mapped at medium resolution to date: iron, thorium, hydrogen, calcium
  • Need to map all major elements at higher resolution

Unfinished Robotic "Exploration"

  • High resolution topographic contour map from which to identify contiguous areas of easy transit and most logical corridors linking them
Prerequisite for a global map of potential highway and railway corridors
Prerequisite for delisting interesting sites to that are access challenged
  • Orbital mapping of subsurface voids
Local and irregular voids; possible gas pockets
Meandering linear voids: lavatubes

Surface ground truth probes

  • Verify, quantify, qualify. and assess expected polar ice deposits in various crater permashade areas around both poles
  • Explore suspected openings into lavatubes
  • Final exploration of sites on the short list for an outpost installation
  • Crater central peak sampling

Typography Assets

  • Using Lavatubes
  • Inflatables, factories, warehousing, agriculture, archiving
  • Using Rilles
  • Using Craters
  • Using Catennae
  • other

Planned Lunar Orbiters, Landers, impactors & their science goals

Chang'e I (China)

Chandrayaan I (India)

Selene (Japan)

Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (US-NASA)


Russian Impactor fleet

Unaddressed Prospecting and Exploration goals

Unadressed prospecting goals

Unadressed exploration goals

Predevelopment of Needed Technologies

Special R&D-focused curricula

Masters & doctoral theses topics listings in various disciplines

Spin-up entrepreneurial opportunities

  • Development of draft spin-up business plans

Design contests

College level engineering competitions

Cutting-edge workshops

Getting Familiar with the Moon

Lunar Maps

  • History of lunar mapmaking
  • Online Atlases
  • Hardcopy Atlases
  • Lunar Nomenclature
  • The persons after which craters have been named

Lunar Surface Features

  • List of lunar mare (sea), oceanus (ocean), lacus (lake), sinus (bay), palus (swamp) lava flooded areas
  • Lunar Craters
Large walled plains
Craters with central peaks
Flooded craters
Ghost craters
Ray craters
Crater chains
  • Lunar rilles
  • Lunar Mountains
  • Lunar domes
  • Other features

Understanding what you see

  • The origin of the Moon
  • The history of lunar bombardment
  • The great lava floods

Observing the Moon

  • Observing the Moon's familiar nearside
  • The possibility of observing much of farside via telescopes in the L4 and L5 Lagrange points
  • Lunar Observing Certificate Programs


Major Challenges to Settling the Moon

Dayspan Heat - Nightspan Cold

  • The thermal problem as a superficial one in absence of a heat convecting atmosphere
Shading joints, lubricated areas, material interface areas
Development of cryo-lubricants
Operations management issues
Using materials with near-zero coefficient of thermal expansion
Using materials that are both heat- and cold-hardy

Dust Control Problems

  • Exploring electrostatic dust repulsion systems
  • Turtle back spacesuits & conformal airlocks* (*also minimizes airlock cycling losses of oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor)
  • Biodegradable suit and boot coverings
  • Paving or sintering vehicle and pedestrian approaches to airlocks
  • Covering joints and lubricated areas to minimize dust problem

Power Options dayspan

  • Solar concentrators
  • Solar panels
  • Circum global solar powered supermagnetic belt
  • Solar arrays distributing beamed power by relay sats
  • L4, L5, L1, L2
  • Lunar polar power tower global networks
  • Nuclear
Waste treatment
Waste disposal
Lunar nuclear fuels industry
Scavenging nuclear wastes from Earth
A lunar nuclear fuels industry based on the thorium 232 > uranium 233 cycle

Power Options nightspan

  • Nuclear (see subcategories under Power Options Dayspan)
  • Potentiation cycles - storing potential energy
Water-oxygen fuel cells
Storage rings
Hydroelectric loops
Magma pools
  • Operations management
Energy intensive dayspan tasks
Energy-light nightspan tasks

Site Type Pros & Cons

Polar Sites

  • Pros
Both poles have "peaks of eternal sunshine" for power generation
Thermal conditions do not vary greatly through the sunth (lunar month)
Both poles are in the center of extensive coldtrap or permashade areas where we expect to find water-ice deposits
  • Cons
Both poles are rugged highland areas in which construction may be difficult
The sunlight always comes in at, just above, or just below the horizon sibility and location identification problems
The high amount of total tonnage needed to erect a solar power tower system
Expected polar ice-deposits are of unknown quantity, concentration, and difficulty of extraction
All our efforts mastering the challenges of the polar areas, will not prepare or enable us to set up outposts elsewhere on the Moon
The polar highlands do not offer all the resources needed for industrialization
Solar wind hydrogen, with which to make water, is available anywhere on the Moon

Mare-Highland Coast sites

  • Pros
Access to both major regolith suites
Some coastal sites are also ilmenite rich
Some coastal sites may involve potassium and phosphorus rich KREEP deposits
Some coastal sites involve subsurface lavatubes
Maria provide extensive areas of obstacle free transit
Some coastal sites are much closer to the nearest circumpolar coldtraps, than either pole itself is to the nearest coast
  • Cons
Extreme dayspan-nightspan temperature swings are a challenge to vehicle and structure design, as well as to lubricants
The need to store up enough power during dayspan to get through the lunar nightspan
Counterpoint: mastering these twin challenges will allow us to set up shop and settle anywhere on the Moon.


Bursting Apollo's envelope

No one has experienced a lunar dawn or lunar sunset.

No one has slept prone in a bed on the Moon

No one has taken more than a step or two on the Moon without a space suit

Getting to the Moon


Cargo carriers

Commodity carriers

  • Launch tracks

Modular pod transport systems

  • Finished hard habitat modules
  • Inflatable module packs
  • Modular factory systems
  • Modular utility systems
Power generation
Air recycling
Water recycling
Waste recycling

Personnel carriers

  • Crew cabins
  • Landing craft
  • Ascent craft

Designing landing components for reuse on the Moon

Developing lunar fuels that can be used between GEO and the Moon

Earth to Moon Way Stations

LEO Depot

L1 Depot

  • Growing L! in step with the growth of surface operations

LLO Depot

Site Preparation


Room for future expansion

Planned warehousing

Planned expansion vectors

Planned access corridors

Location of nearest resources per type


Pre-landing teleoperations

  • Site exploration, asset & obstacle mapping
  • Site preparation
  • Shielding emplacement
  • Initial roadways and paving
  • other

post landing teleoperations

  • Robotic exploration of areas of interest
  • Robotic preliminary prospecting
  • Robotic installation of self-help service stations, relays, way points, beacons
  • other

Outpost Modules

Adapted ISS hard modules

Ganged SpaceHab modules

New hard modules

Nautilus adaptations


Other items


Periscopic windows, "sundows"

sunpipe systems

Shielding Options


  • Raw regolith
  • Processed regolith less iron, volatiles, large rocks
  • Modular regolith: blocks, bags, baffle systems, saddlebags
  • Shielding styling, cladding, coloring and other ways of personalization of the exterior of a personal or corporate habitat

Shielding indirect

  • Modular hangar structures and interfaces, surface prep
  • Shielded warehousing
  • Expansion options

Lavatube sites

Site management issues

Respecting the topography

Natural area steadies

Road and path location issues

Warehousing systems

  • Sorting for reuse
By material (knock-down (KD) items)
Mixed materials
  • Barcoding for locatability
  • Shielded vs. unshielded warehousing
Canopy covered storage
Lavatube storage
  • Tank farms

Outpost ingress/egress


Vehicle docking

Vehicle to vehicle docking

Dust management systems


Outpost/Settlement Wastes

Human Wastes

Biomass wastes

Packaging Wastes

Processing wastes

Waysources (waste resources)


Energy reuse/energy embodiments


Making Money at the Outpost

Deploying and testing proprietary ISRU equipment

Photography for movie backgrounds

Collect lunar samples for sale

Made-on-luna trinkets, coins

Crew members to pay towards their participation, after full training

other ideas


ISRU - development of local resources

Raw regolith-based materials

  • Sintered regolith products
Exterior paving
Shielding systems
Unpressurized structures
  • Cast basalt products
Regolith handling components

Raw glass uses

  • Indoor furnishings
  • Artwork
  • Tableware

Minimally processed regolith products

  • Glass-glass composites
Habitat modules
Table tops
Spaceframe spars
  • Fiberglass reinforced concrete
Habitat modules
Outside building components
  • Sintered iron fines
Sundry small low performance components

Production of key elements

  • Oxygen for air, fuel, fuel cells
  • Silicon for solar cells
  • Iron, aluminum, titanium, magnesium
  • Sulfur, sodium, potassium, phosphorus
  • Chromium
  • Thorium
  • Metal oxide colorants,
  • other

Processing suites/cascades e.g. ilmenite: O>Fe>Ti>Tailings

Gas scavenging - harvesting Solar Wind donations

  • Hydrogen
  • Helium(4) and He3
  • Argon and Neon
  • Nitrogen
  • Carbon

KREEP Potassium, Rare Earth Elements, Phosphorus

Specially enriched regolith areas

  • Low titanium basalt
  • High titanium basalt, ilmenite
  • Highland material
  • KREEP splashout (Potassium, Rare earth Elements, Phosphorus)
  • Central peek mantle extrusions
  • other

Polar water-ice harvesting

  • Ground truth assessments, quantity, extent, concentration, extraction options
  • Coldtraps nearest to mare/highland shores
  • Carbon oxide ices
  • Other ices
  • Ice refinery products
Pipeline materials

Expansion Technologies

Prioritizing outfitting products for imported inflatables

Modular architecture languages

Modular biospherics

Modules made-on-Luna of lunar materials

Expansion Priorities

New capabilities, facilities, operations, industries, recreations

Increasing biosphere diversity

Increasing crop diversity & cuisine menu options

Expansion Human Factors

Allowing tour of duty extensions

Allowing fraternization, relationships

Morale perks

  • More personal elbow room
  • Customizable quarters
  • Flextime scheduling
  • Arts & crafts using regolith-derived media
  • Introducing lunar holidays, special festivities
  • Fostering an "at home on the Moon" culture
  • Physical fitness, exercise, sports, dance facilities
  • Garden-enriched food & menu diversity
  • Allowing births
  • Finding weight-pulling functions for youth, retirees
  • Escape valves (import bazaar, getaways, changes of pace, job switches, travel options)

Allowing burial on the Moon


Lunar Industry

Modular Factories from Earth

Building & Manufacturing Materials

  • Metal Alloys
  • Glass Composites
  • Sulfur Composites

Habitat & Connector Modules

Outfitting Products

  • Interior dividers
  • Interior surfaces
  • Furnishing Products

Agricultural & Horticultural Products

Arts & Crafts

Industrial Diversification Strategies

The "MUS/cle" guide to industrial priorities

Institute of Lunar-Appropriate industrial design

Prerequisites Outline

Building & Manufacturing materials

Habitat expansion modules

Interior building systems

Furniture & furnishings

Fabrics & apparel

Food Processing

Utility systems

Power generation & storage systems

Transportation components


Manufacturing Protocols

Recycling Needs

  • Assembled for ease of disassembly to enable recycling by material
  • Alternatives to use of bonding adhesives

Small Market Challenges

  • Finished goods lines
  • Customer-finish lines

Lunar Architecture

A modular "language"

Ease of assembly

Varied plans

Integrated modular biospherics

Special structures

  • Lunar hi-rises and skyscrapers
  • Observation towers
  • other

Urban Systems

City planning

Transit systems

Air-circulation systems

Drainage systems

Farm areas

Park areas

Wild areas


Surface transport

Frogs & Toads - converted lunar ferry crew cabins

  • Passenger coaches
  • Construction shacks
  • Private coaches


  • Market
  • Tracks
Thermal expansion issue
Switching issue
Derailment avoidance issue
Vestibulation issue
  • Motive power
Solar electric network
Polar power tower network
Fuel cell
Lunar fuels
  • Right of way
Real estate grants
Siding-based starter settlements


  • Construction
  • Route definition
  • Junctions
  • Bridges
  • Tunnels
  • Mare vs. highlands
  • Solar flare sheds
  • Self-service stations
  • Signage protocols
  • Toll roads


High volume shielded roadways

High volume pressurized roadways

Vehicle motive power

  • Local power beaming nets
  • Solar power recharging
  • Fuel cells
  • Lunar fuels development
  • Lunar fueled engine development
  • Nuclear
  • Solar

Mass driver suborbital launchers & catchers


Cottage Industries

Custom finishing of unfinished manufactured items

Horticulture-based products

Farm products packaging

Farm products processing

Arts & crafts items from home-safe materials and media

Recycling based products

Home Services: decorating, cleaning; garden maintenance, etc.

Biosphere technologies

Water recycling systems

Air purification systems

Humidity control

Modular biospherics

Growing seasons


  • Temperate plants
  • Subtropical plants
  • Tropical plants
  • Arid zone plants


Wild zone plants & flowers

Settlement wildlife

Green zones, parks, parkways

House plants


Agricultural technologies

The nightspan lighting challenge

Soil from regolith

Nutrient solutions from regolith

Soil enrichment


Waste biomass recycling


Horticulture - homestead gardening

Architectural considerations

  • Lighting
  • Watering systems
  • Gardenscaping


Food plants

Canning & preserving

Garden-based enterprises

Agricultural Products

Food products

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Herbs & spices
  • Fiber sources
  • Protein sources
  • Nutrition supplement sources
  • Menu variety and diversity
  • Supported cuisines
  • Food processing
  • Local marketing specialties
  • Later developments
Small livestock



John Washington Carver style processing suites

Jewelry woods


Substitutions for organics, synthetics

Paper substitutes

Plastic substitutes

Wood substitutes




Lunar Service Satellite systems

Stable orbits

Ground positioning

Search & rescue

Solar weather monitors



Exports & Market Development

Specific markets

  • Low Earth Orbit industrial parks
  • Low Earth Orbit tourist facilities
  • Mars, Phobos, Deimos
made-on-Luna heavy equipment
Nuclear fuels (lunar thorium 232 > uranium 233)
Seasoned pioneers
Technology expertise
  • Asteroids
  • other

Value added product types

  • Products made for domestic use
  • Construction materials
  • Furnishings
  • Arts & crafts
  • Unique jewelry
  • Food products
  • New crop variety seeds
  • Lunar-sourced chemical fuels
  • Lunar-produced nuclear fuels (the thorium 232 > uranium 233 cycle), essential to the opening of Mars to settlement
  • other

Raw materials to be processed in space for solar power satellite construction

Technology licenses

  • Biospheric technologies
  • Agricultural technologies
  • Recycling technologies
  • Building material technologies
  • Poor ore mining technologies
  • other

Infotainment products

  • Travelogues
  • Explorations
  • Dance, sport, music, etc.

Other "zero-mass" products

Energy exports

  • Lunar fuels
Lunar processed nuclear fuels (thorium 232 > uranium 233)
  • Lunar solar arrays
  • Helium-3
  • Building materials for solar power satellites
  • other

Development of other export markets

LEO industrial parks

LEO tourist clusters

GEO satellite farm-platforms

L4, L5 Lunar Flank relays, telescopes

L1, L2 Lunar Gateways for people, cargo

Asteroid mission support

Mars, Phobos, Deimos



The "MUS/cle strategy" for Import Reduction

Institute of Lunar-apropriate Industrial Design

Stowaway import strategies

Development of locally made substitutes

Going without

Developing other import market sources

Phobos, Deimos (methane, ammonia?)

Mars ("pipeline" inventory items)

Near-Earth asteroids (volatiles, lunar-deficient elements)

comets (volatiles)



Lunar Calendar - Moon Rhythm Scheduling

Terrestrial lunar calendars

Lunar rhythm "Moon Pulse" work calendar

Three shift systems

Sunth (lunar month)-rhythms

Lunar festivals, feasts and holidays


Health and Fitness in a 1/6th G environment

Compact medical facilities


Lunar sports indoor, middoor

Lunar surface sports & recreation

Artificial gravity muscle toning programs

Gene pool diversity



Mental health


Lunar Appropriate Arts & Crafts

Paint media

Ceramic media

Sculpture media

Art on the lunar surface


Lunar Appropriate Performing Arts

Musical instruments made on the Moon

A capello song

Dance: Modern, Ballet



Astronomy from the Moon





Special locations


Other Science of the Moon, from the Moon


Scattered/multiple sites for new settlements

Mare/highland coasts


KREEP access

Ilmenite access

Volcanic gas access

Lavatube access

Cluster settlement

Transport network

Inter site commerce



Intentional communities

Political experiments

Social experiments




This outline will expand as new topic areas come to mind or are suggested by contributors. To suggest additional topics and subtopics contact us.