Lunakhod 1 and 2 were two Russian robotic vehicles that roved the surface of the moon, the first robotic rovers to traverse across another world (see footnote). Lunakhod-1 landed with the Soviet Luna-17 mission, and Lunakhod-2 landed wit the Soviet Luna-21 mission. The missions returned over 100,000 television images of the surface. The name translates to "moon wheel". The first of these landed on the moon in 1970, and the second in 1974.
(footnote: The U.S. spacecraft Surveyor 6 perfomed a rocket-powered "hop" from its landing site, and thus also has some claim to be the first rover on another world.)
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- List of Robotic Missions to the moon
- Wikipedia article on the Lunakhod program
- Soviet lunar missions page from NASA Goddard
- Luna-17/Lunakhod-1 info page from NSSDC
- Luna-21/Lunakhod-2 info page from NSSDC
- Exploring the Moon (1969-1976) - a diary of Soviet lunar exploration, including some Lunokhod information
- Soviet Moon Images from Don P. Mitchell