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Lunokhod 1 and 2 were two Russian robotic vehicles that roved the surface of the moon, the first robotic rovers to traverse across another world (see footnote). Lunokhod-1 landed with the Soviet Luna-17 mission, and Lunokhod-2 landed wit the Soviet Luna-21 mission. The missions returned over 100,000 television images of the surface. The name translates to "moon wheel". The first of these landed on the moon in 1970, and the second in 1974.

(footnote: The U.S. spacecraft Surveyor 6 perfomed a rocket-powered "hop" from its landing site, and is also claimed by some to be the first rover on another world.)

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